There is no universal definition for the term Substance Abuse, however it is general defined as:

  • Excessive use of a potentially addictive substance
  • A maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to impairment or distress

Resulting In…

  • failure to fulfill major role obligations;
  • legal problems;
  • social or interpersonal problems;
  • dependence (addiction)

Symptoms of Dependence

  • substance taking in larger amounts than intended;
  • inability to cut down on substance;
  • a great deal of time spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance; and continued use despite knowledge of health or social problems caused by the substance.
  • Dependence may or may not include “physical dependence”
  • Physical Dependence - withdrawal symptoms when substance use is abruptly ceased

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Drug Addiction

Alcohol Abuse

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